Housing Affordability & Resiliency
The TBRPC is developing new programs and tools in partnership with local governments and stakeholders to support affordable, attainable and resilient housing goals.
This page will link you to new resources designed to support Planning Departments, Community Development, Floodplain management, Housing programs and Resilience planning.
The REACH Project is bringing together the region’s housing, resilience, and recovery planning experts and community leaders to assess potential risks that local communities face from extreme weather and sea level rise, and define new strategies and policies to increase affordable, resilient housing development and redevelopment. Read about REACH’s goals and partners.
LOCAL GOVERMENT PLANNING ASSISTANCE
In 2021, the Florida Housing Coalition and the Tampa Bay Regional Planning Council (TBRPC) introduced a new planning self-assessment checklist to support the integration of affordable housing and resilience planning. The checklist was developed with input from staff working in planning and housing in 2020.
The REACH checklist features a straightforward process for assessing local government plans from a resilient housing context. The checklist and the process enables staff to work together, or independently, to review specific plans and discuss best practices and define changes for future plan updates.
The REACH self-assessment checklist includes 16 tabs — instructions, scoring and performance categories, and best practices for housing mitigation and principles on addressing racial equity. The checklist includes a tab for the following plans and programs:
- Comprehensive Plan
- Local Mitigation Strategy
- Local Assisted Housing Plan
- Community Rating System Plan
- Post-Disaster Redevelopment Plan
- Construction Standards
Throughout Spring-Summer 2021, the Florida Housing Coalition (FHC) and TBRPC are holding workshops and meetings to introduce local governments to the checklist. In the initial phase, seven local governments used the new checklist to evaluate their plans and FHC conducted an analysis. At Wednesday April 28 workshop, the FHC provided a summary and followed by peer discussions, which are helping to define improvements and future housing mitigation priorities.
Access the Workshop PowerPoint (link coming soon).
Watch the Workshop Recording (link coming soon).
Community Vulnerability Assessment (Coming Soon)
This guidebook is a decision support tool designed to help local governments conduct exposure and sensitivity analysis focused on two major community components — people and housing. The new methodology and guide will help standardize approaches and processes for defining community vulnerability and developing strategies.
It is crucial to understand the compounding effects of hazards (acute shocks like flood, hurricane, heat, etc.) and chronic stressors (like poverty or structural inadequacies). When assessing vulnerabilities, it is also important to understand how environmental pressures and inequities can place a disparate burden on specific neighborhoods or groups of citizens. Demographic conditions coupled with contextual indicators can provide evidence of the system’s deficiencies, and serve as a foundation for creating safe, equitable and more resilient communities for all.
To identify leading principles for improving racial equity and health into REACH resources, the TBRPC staff conducted an analysis and compiled a list of 30+ frameworks, white papers, and reports. The new resource provides links to key documents which offer recommendations and models for how to best integrate health, equity, affordable housing and climate justice into community development and resilience planning. This resource is useful for practitioners working in community health and equity, housing and resiliency, community engagement and overall resilience planning. Review the resource (link).
In Fall of 2020, the TBRPC began a process of engaging public health experts, community health planners and a diverse list of non-profit organizations and local governments working on racial and social equity. The TBRPC coordinated a workshop in December 2020 to review and discuss local social factors, community vulnerability issues, expected impacts of extreme heat to health. This workshop helped to define priorities and goals that were included in the Regional Resilience Action Plan which will be released in late 2021. Experts from the Florida Housing Coalition, United Way Suncoast, Pinellas County Health In All Policies Initiative, and a Tarpon Springs emergency medicine specialist presented.
Watch the Regional Action Plan Equity Workshop on YouTube.
ASSESSMENT TOOLS (NEW)
New Housing Flood Mapper and GIS Methodology Supports Consistent Data and Imagery
Accurate, transparent, reliable data are crucial to vulnerability assessments and developing plans. Establishing common criteria and using consistent symbology is needed to support public understanding and comparison across jurisdictions. The REACH project is supporting development of new tools that will enhance local government efforts to quantify current and future flood risks to housing stock. These tools and the data will lead to targeted housing rehabilitation strategies, inform construction goals and support development of land-use policies.
University of Florida Coastal Hazards Mapper
The Housing Coastal Flood Hazard Vulnerability Mapper developed by the University of Florida Shimberg Center for Housing Studies is a browser-based tool for analysis and display of statewide housing susceptible to flood-related hazards.
Housing characteristics can be queried, summarized, visualized and downloaded for further analysis on the desktop. Housing data is based on the Assisted Housing Inventory (AHI), compiled by the UF Shimberg Center, and the Florida Department of Revenue parcel database (2018).
Housing GIS Methodology
Building on key data efforts produced by the TBRPC, USF and UF, the REACH project has defined a goal of creating a consistent methodology and GIS user guide to standardize the way the region conducts housing vulnerability assessments for flood risks and future sea level rise.
In Spring 2020, the TBPRC, UF and USF Masters in Urban Planning Program faculty and researchers collaborated to develop criteria for housing and mapping symbology. The USF MURP graduate students conducted housing inundation and vulnerability analysis for 10 community areas in six counties. The initial mapping information will be reviewed and presented on May 6, 2021.
The Housing Assessment used the following data sets:
- Category 1 Storm Surge (2020)
- Category 3 Storm Surge (2020)
- Evacuation Zones
- NOAA Intermediate High 2070 Sea level Rise & Exceptional Tides
- Assisted multi family buildings and total units
- Unassisted housing below $180,000
- Year built, construction type, funding source
- Mobile homes and mobile home parks
Social Vulnerability Data
- Age– 65 years and up
- Household Income
- Minority Population
The Housing Case Studies are presented below.
HOUSING CASE STUDIES
To assess the new standardized mapping process and outputs, the REACH team selected 10 community areas in the Tampa Bay region to study the number and types of homes that are at risk of flooding. The community areas were chosen if they fit the following criteria: located within areas of future and current flood risk; the location has a high number of publicly assisted properties exposed to flooding; and if the location had an EJSCREEN Demographic Index score of 80th percentile or above (average percentile of minority population, low income, etc). After reviewing the case study findings for each community area, one integrated report will be available.
For this case study, the inundation datasets were integrated with socioeconomic datasets, such as minority populations, household income (in relation to the Area Median Income) and Age (persons 75 and older). Research shows these are some of the top social indicators that are at higher risk of current and future flooding events. This project will help to provide answers to the following pressing questions:
- How many publicly assisted and unassisted affordable and attainable housing units are currently at flood risk now? in 2070?
- How does Year Built and Construction Type exacerbate or reduce vulnerability?
- Where would housing rehabilitation investments provide the most benefit for the greatest number of families?
On right is a map showing the locations of the 10 community areas chosen for this case study: