Resources and Tools
Models and Projections
Access models showing the effects of sea level rise on regional resources (natural and built) as well as projections and calculations of sea level rise trends.
- U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Sea-Level Change Curve Calculator
- The USACE calculator was developed in collaboration with the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is used to compute both the USACE and NOAA rates of sea level change.
- National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Association (NOAA) Sea Level Trends
- NOAA’s Sea Level Trends data provides measurements of the rise/fall in Mean Sea Level (MSL) from each of its128 tide stations around the US. Their interactive map allows you to obtain graphical data (e.g., linear trend, average seasonal cycle and inter-annual variation) from specific tide stations.
- Sea Level Affecting Marshes Model (SLAMM)
- SLAMM provides simulations of the impacts of sea level rise on wetlands and shorelines and was developed by NOAA’s Digital Coast program, which is part of the Office for Coastal Management.
- Hazus Model
- Hazus is a FEMA methodology for estimating the physical, economic and social impacts of disasters (e.g., earthquakes, wind, and flooding). It is used by government planners, GIS specialists and emergency managers for preparedness and response as well as mitigation and recovery.
Maps and Viewers
Experiment with sea level rise viewers that map the regional and state-wide impacts of sea level rise to critical infrastructure and to the transportation and emergency management sectors within our region’s most vulnerable areas. Understanding these trends can help with prioritizing plans for responding to and protecting residents, infrastructure and the environment.
- University of Florida Sea Level Rise Viewer
- The UF sea level rise viewer uses data from the NOAA Coastal Services Center to identify vulnerable infrastructure and census block groups under three different sea level rise scenarios: low (1 foot), medium (2 feet) and high (5 feet).
- University of Florida Sketch Planning Tool
- This tool, created by UF’s GeoPlan Center (with funding from the Florida Department of Transportation’s Office of Policy Planning) identifies transportation infrastructure that is potentially at risk from projected sea level rise.
- Tampa Bay Estuary Program Sea Level Rise Visualization Tool
- This tool provides data and maps that illustrate the affects of potential sea level rise on estuarine habitats in the Tampa Bay area.
- U.S. Geological Survey Coastal Change Hazards Portal
- Use this interactive map viewer to explore short-and long-term changes to beaches and shorelines. This portal also provides a coastal vulnerability index and shoreline change forecasts.
Review tidal datum from the St. Petersburg, Florida station and access reports for tides and water levels showing extreme water levels, exceedence probability curves and seasonal variation of exceedence probability levels.
- NOAA Sea Level Rise and Coastal Flooding Impacts Viewer
- This viewer is a web-based map that provides access to data and information about storm surge, flooding and sea level rise. Users can simulate various sea level rise scenarios, from one foot to six feet, and zoom in to see individual buildings, use a “confidence” tool to identify flood-prone areas, and a “vulnerability” function to identify people at most risk.
Reports and Best Practices
Read about best practices for incorporating sea level rise data into conservation efforts, hazard mitigation, surface water management, water quality, and planning and education about climate change and adaptation.
- Recommended Projection of Sea Level Rise in the Tampa Bay Region
- Tampa Bay Climate Science Advisory Panel
- Tampa Bay Estuary Program Comprehensive Conservation and Management Plan
- Tampa Bay Surface Water Improvement and Management (SWIM) Plan
- Tampa Bay Water Capital Improvement Program
- Climate Variability: Impacts on Water Supply
- Hazard Mitigation Program
- Hillsborough Metropolitan Planning Organization Transportation Vulnerability Assessment Pilot Project
- Environmental Protection Commission of Hillsborough County Climate Adaptation Workgroup
- Tampa Bay Estuary Program Gulf Coast Community Handbook
- Sea Level Rise in the Tampa Bay Area
- Seeing Beyond Sea Level Rise: Visualizing Local Climate Change in Tampa Bay
- Critical Coastal Habitat Vulnerability Assessment for the Tampa Bay Estuary: Projected Changes to Habitats due to Sea Level Rise and Climate Change
- Florida and the Surging Sea
- Climate Change and Sea Level Rise in Florida
- Florida Department of Economic Opportunity: Adaptation Planning
- Mote Marine Laboratory: Policy Tools for Local Adaptation to Sea Level Rise
- Assessing Seagrass Vulnerability along Florida’s Gulf Coast
- Florida Department of Health grant to Manatee County for health impacts of climate change
- South Florida Water Management District Climate Change and Sea Level Rise Planning and Adaptation Strategies
- Adaptation Action Areas: Policy Options for Adaptive Planning for Rising Sea Levels
- Lessons Learned from the Climate Ready Estuaries Program: Southeastern US Climate Ready Estuaries
Access tools to support sea level rise planning and policy, ranging from community resilience assessments and sketch planning programs to infrastructure planning and economic modeling.
- Florida Sea Level Scenario Sketch Planning Tool
- Created by the University of Florida GeoPlan Center with funding from the Florida Department of Transportation Office of Policy Planning, this tool focuses on identifying transportation systems that are vulnerable to sea level rise by providing GIS data layers of inundation and affected infrastructure.
- Florida Sea Level Scenario Sketch Planning Tool – district 7 (Hillsborough County/Tampa)
- Tampa Bay Estuary Program Sea Level Rise Visualization Tool
- This tool , based on the Sea Level Affecting Marshes Model (SLAMM) provides data and maps that illustrate the scale of potential sea level rise and habitat impact into the future.
- Critical Coastal Habitat Vulnerability Assessment for the Tampa Bay Estuary report
- Port Tomorrow Resilience Planning Tool
- Port Tomorrow is a resilience planning tool developed for professionals who are involved in infrastructure planning for ports and port communities and freight-related infrastructure project development. It is currently being piloted in Tampa, Florida; results of the pilot will inform future iterations of the tool.
- Climate Data and Visualization Tool
- This tool allows the user to examine data from ~100 long-term National Weather Service (NWS) First Order Weather Stations, NWS Cooperative Stations and Federal Aviation Administration sites in Florida.
- Gulf TREE
- Gulf TREE (Tools for Resilience Exploration Engine) was developed to guide users through selecting climate tool from more than 100 tools, based on user selected criteria.
- Community Resilience Index (CRI)
- The CRI allows community leaders to discuss and assess the impacts of storms and ability to recover from storm damage in their communities. The Index involves six main categories: critical infrastructure, transportation, community plans and agreements, mitigation measures, business plans and social systems.
- Digital Coast Data Sets
- Access data sets from NOAA’s Office of Coastal Management on a variety of data types (e.g., economic, demographic, ocean uses and planning areas) in locations throughout the US.
- Upload a photo of your coastline and create a vision of the future by adding objects – rising water, docks, buildings, etc. – to the photo to simulate what future change may look like.
- Coastal Change Analysis Program (C-CAP)
- Use this online data viewer to search for specific types of land cover changes and determine trends in size and location.
- Inundation Analysis Tool
- By clicking on a tidal station, access data on the frequency and duration of observed high waters.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
- Climate Resilience Evaluation & Awareness Tool (CREAT)
- CREAT is software designed to help drinking water and wastewater utilities professionals understand potential climate change threats and to assess risks to individual utilities. It features downscaled scenarios of climate change and offers a range of potential scenarios to consider and explore.
- National Stormwater Calculator
- The Stormwater Calculator (SWC) is a desktop application that provides an estimate of the annual amount of rainwater and frequency of runoff from any specific site in the US. It is a useful tool for site developers, urban planners, landscape architects, etc.
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
- Flood Maps
- FEMA’s flood maps are the official public source for flood hazard information. The site features other products and tools detailing communities’ flood risk, including non-regulatory products that provide a user-friendly analysis of flood risks for property owners, community planners, developers and other community decision makers.
The Nature Conservancy (TNC)
- Coastal Resilience Tools, Apps & Training
- TNC’s mapping portal recently won the Special Achievement in GIS Award (2015). This application is a web-based mapping and visualization platform that allows users to interactively examine storm surge, sea level rise and vulnerable communities and to develop risk and restoration strategies.
- TNC’s Coastal Resilience network consists of 12 U.S. coastal states, four Latin American countries and three island nations in the Caribbean. Applications feature a range of topics, from coastal defense, habitat and restoration, to risk and community planning. By clicking on a TNC marker on the Coastal Resilience Map, you can access specific information about each site.
Other Helpful Tools:
- Zofnass Economic Process Tool
- The Zofnass tool is a platform that provides insight into the sustainability externalities of infrastructure projects. It was developed at Harvard University’s Zofnass Program for Sustainable Infrastructure and is primarily for use by academic researchers.
- Zofnass Envision Interactive Model
- Consensus Building Institute Role Play Simulations
- The role-play simulations offered by the Consensus Building Institute (CBI) allow participants to assume stakeholder and third-party roles while engaging in negotiations that mirror real-life situations. Resources on responding to climate change include “Role-Play Simulations on Managing Climate Change Risks,” “Winning Public Support for Addressing Climate Change,” and “Making Tough Choices.”
- Surging Seas Risk Finder
- This interactive searchable data toolkit shows populations, infrastructure and assets that are vulnerable to flooding and sea level rise. It uses LiDar data from NOAA to assess the exposure of infrastructure and allows users to explore vulnerability on a zip code, city, county, and state level.
- U.S. Climate Resilience Toolkit for Coastal Flooding Risk
- The toolkit features filters such as coastal flood risk, ecosystem vulnerability and water resources, as well as a variety of functionalities (e.g., risk assessment, scenario development and stakeholder engagement) that provide resources and tools for responding to coastal flooding risks.
- Social Vulnerability Index (SoVI)
- SoVI provides a geographic illustration of the degree of social vulnerability of particular U.S. counties to environmental hazards, revealing where resources might be used most effectively.
- Ecosystem-Based Management Tools Network
- Features decision-support tools, projects and resources for coastal-marine spatial planning and ecosystem-based management. It features information and resources in five areas: tools, projects, resources, organizations and practitioners.
- Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fifth Assessment Report
- The IPCC is an international body of scientists from member countries of the United Nations and the World Meteorological Organization who review the most recent scientific, technical and socio-economic data about climate change. This report provides comprehensive information on the physical scientific aspects of the climate system, the vulnerability of socio-economic and natural systems and options for adaptation and mitigation.
- National Climate Assessment
- This report summarizes climate impacts on a national scale, highlighting seven sectors: human health, water, energy, transportation, agriculture, forests and ecosystems. It also explains how climate affects particular regions of the US: the Northeast, Southeast and Caribbean, Midwest, Great Plains, Southwest, Northwest, Alaska, Hawaii and the Pacific Islands.
- The Global Sea Level Rise Scenarios for the National Climate Assessment report, commissioned by the National Climate Assessment, provides a synthesis of scientific literature on global sea level rise ,as well as four scenarios of global mean sea level rise that can be used in assessing vulnerability, impacts and adaptation strategies.
- NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information State of the Climate 2014
- This report is based on contributions by 413 scientists from 58 countries around the world. It provides detailed updates on global climate indicators such as weather events, carbon dioxide emissions, ocean heat, precipitation and more.
- Progress Report: Highlighting Federal Actions Addressing the Recommendations of the State, Local, and Tribal Leaders Task Force on Climate Preparedness and Resilience – July 2015
- The State, Local, and Tribal Leaders Task Force on Climate Preparedness and Resilience has compiled the climate resilience priorities of the Obama Administration, as well as the status/progress on each agenda. Priorities include resiliency investments, disaster recovery, infrastructure investments, community development and water resources.
- Risky Business: The Economic Risks of Climate Change in the United States
- This report was developed through collaboration between Michael Bloomberg, Henry Paulson and Tom Steyer (co-chairs) and the Rhodium group, an economic research firm specializing in analyzing disruptive global trends. It provides an assessment of the potential consequences for each region in the US and for selected sectors of the national economy. Its primary findings are: the most economically significant risks are likely to result from damage to coastal property and infrastructure from sea level rise and storm surge, climate-driven changes in agricultural production and energy demand, and impacts of higher temperatures on labor productivity and public health.
- United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Responses to Climate Change
- The Responses to Climate Change Program is focused on applying adaptation measures at local and regional scales and on supporting practical, nationally consistent and cost-effective approaches and policies to reduce potential vulnerabilities to the nation’s water infrastructure resulting from climate change and variability. The Program’s home page links to Pilots and Demonstrations, which offers reports on regionally specific adaptation projects, as well as Vulnerability Assessments and Reporting, which are used to guide adaptation planning and implementation in the USACE’s operations, missions, projects and programs.
- Urban Land Institute Urban Resilience Program
- The Urban Resilience Program reports provide information on risk assessment processes and resilient building. It is useful for informing decisions about how to design or adapt a building or other asset to anticipated climatic impacts.
- Survey of Regional Planning for Climate Adaptation
- This White Paper provides survey findings on Regional Planning Organizations’ (RPOs) responses to the challenges of climate changes around the US. The purpose of the survey was to determine whether exposure to severe climate events has more influence on the level of activity reported by a RPO.
- Mote Marine Policy Institute
- Mote Marine is an independent research institution focused on conservation and sustainable use of oceans. The goal of its Policy Institute is to improve the connection between science and society and to strengthen the scientific basis of public policy and societal decision making. One of its policy areas, Sea Level Rise, features a synopsis report, Policy Tools for Local Adaptation to Sea Level Rise.
- Preliminary Estimate of Impacts of Sea Level Rise on Regional Water Resources of Southeastern Florida
- This article, published in the Journal of Coastal Research, provides an analysis of the impact of sea level rise on the ability to meet regional water management objectives. Using the South Florida Water Management Model, it provides measurements for and comparison of the current and EPA-projected 2050 sea level conditions.