Integrating Nitrogen Management with Planning
Relevant, Useful Information to Support the Integrating Nitrogen Management with Planning Project
The Tampa Bay community, like many throughout Florida, is faced with mandates to prevent additional dissolved or suspended nitrogen from entering our estuary. In order to continue to expand businesses, to develop new communities and to redevelop existing areas, we must incorporate techniques into our development standards which prevent or offset nitrogen loading – primarily from stormwater runoff. It isn’t a matter of reinventing the wheel – over the past 30 years or so a number of communities have developed these techniques and proven their effectiveness. And it makes sense for both the private and the public sectors, with lower land, infrastructure and maintenance costs.
An amazing amount of information is available; and more is appearing everyday. This web page will be populated with the best information we can find, to make your job as elected official, public policy writer, ordinance manager, developer, planner, stormwater manager, or site plan reviewer, easier when it comes to identifying the most appropriate nitrogen-reduction techniques for your community or your development/redevelopment site. Here you will find links to many resources (with additional links or references):
These lists are used to gauge existing local government goals’ and policies’ “friendliness or barriers” to allowing low impact development (LID) techniques and green infrastructure to reduce stormwater production/runoff and nitrogen loading.
- US EPA Sustainable Design and Green Building Toolkit for Local Governments (2010)
Sample Local Government Ordinances and Land Development Codes
These samples provide language that can be used to update existing documents to incorporate LID and other methods of reducing stormwater runoff and nitrogen loading.
- Florida-Friendly Landscape Guidance Models for Ordinances, Covenants, and Restrictions (2009)
- US EPA Examples of Codes That Support Smart Growth Development
Manuals and Toolkits
These products that have been developed by local, state and federal government entities are invaluable tools for builders, building officials, planners and engineers. They offer pictures and drawings to illustrate the important points and, in some cases, relative costs per effectiveness.
- Sarasota County Low-Impact Development Manual (2011)
- Martin County Stormwater Design Toolkit (2009)
- US EPA Essential Smart Growth Fixes for Urban and Suburban Zoning Codes (2009)
- US EPA Incorporating Low Impact Development into Municipal Stormwater Programs
Research / Reports
These reports document the “costs per pound/ton of nitrogen removed” for various water treatment and stormwater reduction methods.
- An Evaluation of Cost and Benefits of Structural Stormwater Best Management Practices in North Carolina (2003)
- Meeting TMDL limits: A cost comparison for mid-sized communities (2008)
- US EPA The Economic Benefits of Protecting Healthy Watersheds (2012)
- Jordan Lake Watershed (NC) Trading Project – BMP Cost Estimates and Cost-Effectiveness (2008)